More than half of the male population suffers from prostatitis. This disease is characterized by the development of an inflammatory process in the prostate gland. The disease is acute or chronic. It occurs in young men from 20 to 45 years old. But not everyone knows how prostatitis manifests itself and why inflammation develops. Not taking the disease seriously makes it one of the most common among men.
Many patients, when symptoms of prostate inflammation appear, prefer alternative methods of treating prostatitis, which is highly undesirable. If the need arises, the doctor himself will prescribe one or another alternative medicine for treatment. And at the initial stage, you need to use certain medications.
Causes of the disease
The inflammatory process in the prostate occurs most often against the background of a bacterial infection. There are no exact causes of prostatitis, since the probability of inflammation of the prostate tissue increases with the weakening of the immune system. The causative agents of the pathology can be staphylococci, Escherichia coli, enterococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
These infectious agents are found in the mucous membranes and skin of a healthy person, but they can provoke the development of an inflammatory process when predisposing factors arise:
- inappropriate sex life: infrequent sex, interrupted sex with incomplete ejaculation;
- a sedentary lifestyle;
- congestion in the pelvic organs;
- frequent urological diseases, venereal infections;
- wear tight clothing that tightens the male genitalia;
- chronic intoxication with alcohol, drugs, chemical agents;
- perineal injury;
- decreased immunity.
The main symptoms of prostatitis depend mainly on the form of the disease (acute, chronic). It is recommended to treat inflammation of the prostate in a timely manner, otherwise the disease will continue and recur periodically. Therefore, every man should know how prostatitis begins and what signs to watch for first.
Etiology of chronic prostatitis
Chronic prostatitis develops against the background of acute untreated inflammation of the prostate. During the remission period, a man is concerned about mild pain in the perineal region, aggravated by urination, defecation, and intimacy. A slight mucous discharge from the urethra may appear upon straining.
The causes of exacerbation of chronic prostatitis can be any factor: stress, forced restriction of emptying of the rectum or bladder, wearing tight underwear, genital infections. During an exacerbation, pathological signs can only increase slightly, manifested by an increase in body temperature and mild hyperthermia. Men with chronic inflammation of the prostate are prone to frequent recurrences of the disease. Even short-term congestion in the small pelvis can act as a cause of disease development.
Forms and symptoms of acute prostatitis
The form of the disease depends on what signs of prostatitis in men will be present. Acute inflammation in the gland appears mainly. The disease has three forms: catarrhal, follicular, and parenchymal. The latter is the most difficult. Men often do not even know what symptoms of prostatitis indicate the beginning of the development of the inflammatory process.
So what signs of prostatitis should you pay special attention to? Initial manifestations of the disease:
- pulling pains in the perineum and pubic region;
- discomfort when urinating, after intimate contact;
- fragility, weakness;
- slight increase in temperature.
The catarrhal stage of inflammation of the prostate is considered the easiest, but still home treatment is contraindicated. Delay can lead to the development of a chronic inflammatory process. You cannot use the advice of healers or friends without first consulting a doctor, as the urologist can prescribe the most effective and correct treatment.
The inflammation of the follicular form is more acute. There are severe pain in the perineum and penis, the discomfort can cover the entire lumbar region. The main symptom of this form of prostatitis in men is excruciating pain, which does not allow the rectum and bladder to be completely emptied. In the context of this type of inflammation of the prostate, acute urinary retention develops and the patient's quality of life is altered. If treatment is not started on time, the disease can progress to the next stage: parenchyma.
Parenchymal form of the disease
Parenchymal symptoms of prostatitis in men:
- a serious condition of the patient;
- the increase in urination at the beginning of the disease quickly turns into dysuria (complete urinary retention);
- the appetite is reduced, the patient is thirsty;
- flatulence, inability to empty the intestines due to severe pain syndrome;
- mucous discharge from the rectum may appear;
- body temperature is elevated, remains within 39 ° C.
One of the signs of prostatitis in men of this severe form is acute pain of the prostate gland on palpation. Examination of the patient's palpation at this stage of the inflammatory process is difficult due to the severe condition and discomfort in the genital area. If qualified treatment is not started at this stage, the disease can be complicated by the transition of the infection to neighboring organs, the appearance of an abscess, or the development of a chronic inflammatory process.
If acute inflammation develops against the background of urethritis, urolithiasis and other pathologies of the urinary organs, then blood impurities, pus in the urine may appear, often experts find traces of protein. With urinary retention, urgent medical attention is required. The disease is characterized by an acute onset with a deterioration in general well-being and severe pain in the pubic area. Body temperature generally increases. The appearance of joint and muscle pain against the background of severe poisoning is possible.
The course of chronic prostatitis
When symptoms of chronic prostatitis appear, men don't always go to the hospital. Pain pains can be tolerated relatively easily and patients do not rush to consult a urologist. Despite the fact that chronic prostatitis in a man has less pronounced symptoms than an acute form of inflammation, the disease directly threatens the patient's reproductive and sexual abilities. And the treatment of the chronic form of pathology is more prolonged and, in some cases, even requires surgical intervention.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis in men:
- the pain syndrome of persistent nature, painful pains, located above the pubis, in the perineal region, tends to increase during urination, after intercourse;
- mild difficulty urinating, intermittent flow of urine is the main symptom of chronic prostatitis;
- discharge from the urethra after hard work or defecation;
- sexual dysfunction.
In chronic prostatitis, the temperature generally remains normal. But during an exacerbation, a febrile syndrome may appear. Usually a temperature of 37 ° C with prostatitis indicates a slow inflammatory process. It is quite dangerous, especially for a man's reproductive health.
Chronic inflammation occurs more imperceptibly, usually manifesting only with frequent urination and erectile dysfunction. Remissions lead to relapses, but many men prefer not to address their delicate problem to the urologist, indicating an extreme degree of irresponsibility. The disease even in young men can lead to infertility, and at an older age, prostate cancer sometimes hides behind symptoms of prostate inflammation.
When men have the first signs of prostatitis, the urologist performs an external examination, examines the prostate through the rectum, determining the size of the affected organ, its structure and density. During palpation, the doctor's movements should be as careful as possible.
Additional diagnostic methods for symptoms of prostate inflammation in men:
- examination of prostate secretions;
- laboratory diagnosis;
- PCR test;
- Ultrasound of the prostate;
- magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography of the pelvic organs.
It is recommended to undergo an examination as soon as signs of inflammation of the prostate appear. This will avoid complications, which often include erectile dysfunction, hyperplasia, and infertility. The study of the causes and symptoms of prostatitis is the competence of the urologist. It is with him that you should contact when even minor signs of prostate disease appear.
Peculiarities of the treatment
Many patients make a common mistake: they start using home remedies, delaying the development of the disease and increasing the risk of complications. The treatment regimen is selected strictly on an individual basis, only after determining the pathogen and determining the true cause of the development of inflammation with the cessation of the detrimental factor: smoking, pyelonephritis, erectile dysfunction, hypothermia.
Inflammation of a viral etiology is treated with the use of antiviral drugs. Inflammation of the prostate, caused by a chlamydia infection, requires the use of antibacterial medications. Much attention is paid to strengthening the immune system.
In no case should you carry out home treatment, since it is impossible to cure an acute illness only with the help of traditional medicine. The chronic inflammatory process requires the intervention of experienced specialists. Modern drugs for treatment can quickly and effectively eliminate the inflammatory process and prevent the development of dangerous complications.
The following agents are used to treat inflammation of the prostate:
- antibacterial, antifungal and anticomonas drugs (depending on the cause of the disease);
- antispasmodics, pain relievers;
- physiotherapy techniques.
Therefore, urologists recommend contacting doctors as soon as the first signs of prostatitis appear in a man. This will save you time. Treatment with improvised means, at home, is categorically contraindicated.
Every man with prostate disease needs effective urological care. Qualified urologists use proven medications and modern medical techniques. In treatment, antibacterial drugs are used that easily penetrate the tissues of the prostate. In case of poisoning, detoxification therapy is indicated.
Physical therapy is also used. It is used when the signs of prostatitis are fading, as well as to prevent a relapse. Any technique used by specialists should be selected taking into account the individual characteristics of a man's health status.
Patients with chronic inflammation of the prostate receive a gland massage. This procedure should only be performed by experienced specialists, as it is a powerful remedy that improves the release of inflammatory secretions from the ducts.
Prostate massage refers to a complex diagnostic and treatment procedure that should be performed only by professionals. It is carried out through the rectum. The fingers massage the organ ducts, stimulating blood circulation and the outflow of prostatic secretions, the study of which is required in many diseases of the genitourinary sphere. Massage frees the ducts from the accumulation of pus, relieves congestion, reduces the manifestation of infectious and inflammatory processes.
If you do not pay attention to the signs and symptoms of prostatitis, the infection can spread to other organs in the pelvic region, severe pain with difficulty urinating, blood and pus in the urine may occur. In a neglected form, the temperature rises with prostatitis in men, and the state of health worsens markedly.
The main complications of prostatitis:
- vesiculitis (inflammation of the seminal vesicles);
- prostatic sclerosis;
- prostate abscess;
- prostate cysts;
- purulent infections of neighboring organs.
Any of the complications can interrupt the reproductive function, causing sexual dysfunction. Chronic inflammation is especially dangerous. In their context, urethral strictures often occur, the qualitative and quantitative indicators of seminal fluid decrease. And this threatens the development of infertility in the future.
But the most formidable complication is hyperplasia of the gland with an increased risk of malignant tumor growth. A man often doesn't even know about adenoma growth and cancerous growths until they reach impressive size and there is no difficulty urinating.
The prevention of inflammation of the prostate gland is aimed at eliminating the influence of external and internal negative factors. It is recommended to avoid unprotected sex, which lead to the development of sexually transmitted diseases complicated by damage to the prostate tissue, as well as hypothermia and exposure to radiation in the body.
Avoid too tight pants and underwear that tighten the pelvic area. Stagnant processes in the genitourinary organs contribute to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, the progression of infectious diseases. It is also important to empty the bladder on time. One of the prevention methods is a regular and measured sex life. Prolonged withdrawal leads to blood stagnation, causes an inflammatory reaction.
Early search for help from a urologist in the first clinical manifestations of prostate disease can prevent the chronic course of inflammatory processes and dangerous complications. Treating acute prostatitis is much easier than dealing with a prolonged course of the disease.